Research paper on teaching and learning

JETL (Journal Of Education, Teaching and Learning)
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The education conference is seeking submissions related to the following conference topics: Education Theory and Practice, Education Policy and Administration, Child and Family Education, and Learning. Other related topics will also be considered. Topic: Emerging trends in digital learning. Is it really innovation? Our event is designed for members of the academia and non-profit, public, and private sector members who are interested in the latest research and academic developments in the field of Teaching, Learning and Education. Get rewards to your commitment, knowledge and be a partner to revolutionize the research by building the arch of knowledge.

All full papers sent for conference proceedings will be accepted through a double blind review process and will be published electronically in proceedings with a DOI number. Milan Milano in Italian , the motivating force behind the financial sector of Italy, is the second largest city in the country behind Rome. The city holds a strong position as the capital of the Province of Milan as well as the regional capital of the Region of Lombardy.

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In the context of this seminar, however, the challenge that was raised refers to the need to constantly remain up-to-date with the knowledge produced by research in order to be a professional educator worthy of this name. Lillejord drew an interesting parallel with an American series — The Knick — that portrays a hospital in the s, staffed by innovative surgeons and nurses who enthusiastically and impatiently struggle against the limitations of the prevalent medical knowledge and practice. Lillejord claims that education is where medicine was in the early s, arguing that teachers should be moved by the same impatience to overcome the boundaries of learning.

Research to Practice - "Teacher Research: Forms & Possibilities"

In her view, teachers should not just be happy with getting trained and moving into a classroom where they will teach in the same way till retirement age. In his view, one should move beyond superficial sharing of advice to something deeper, more structured and thus more effective in terms of attaining learning goals. A second point that struck me was the need for a partnership between schools and universities, with groups of researchers and teachers working hand in hand to promote the quality of schools.

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According to Lillejord, there is a problem in the way teachers relate to knowledge, since they often do not discriminate between insights arising from their own experience, from discussions with experienced colleagues, and from courses they follow. They also tend not to distinguish between the general information they read in popular, magazine-type publications on the one hand, and formal research on the other.

Cain echoed such a concern in his presentation, arguing in favour of a culture among teachers that encouraged reading research papers, and learning from them. As the discussions during the seminar suggested, however, the invitation to practitioners to engage with research is not necessarily as appealing as one would imagine. Sometimes they dismiss research as being obvious, or incorrect.

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School staff, however, should be prepared to question themselves, as well as their pedagogy, their class practice, and their school policy, opening themselves up to alternative viewpoints and critical insights that research can provide. Such openness to research can prove difficult because empirical evidence sometimes informs us not so much about what works, but about what does not work.

And yet teachers often insist on keeping on doing things that do not work. This is where research can — or at least should — be quite powerful.

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Lillejord here gave the example of France, where the policy of class repeating still prevails, when it was removed from Norway about 50 years ago after research proved it was simply not having the desired educational effect. Cain provided another example in this direction. The latter referred to the common practice of having academically gifted children who finish their class work before the others help the weakest student in class. However, research has shown that such a strategy does not benefit the gifted child. The outcomes are more positive if the latter works with a classmate who is performing only a little less well, of if he or she is given a stimulating task to do, alone or with another gifted student who also finishes the set task early.

Other examples were given by the different speakers to show how research can be of practical use to teachers. Reference was made, for instance, to a study carried out in the s, which found that if teachers allowed students 30 seconds before responding to a question, their answer was superior.

The Role Of A Teacher In The Learning Process

However, despite robust evidence that such a strategy supports learning, teachers generally ignore this finding and have not integrated it in their pedagogical repertoire. Cain provided yet another example of educators persisting in repeating actions that research has shown to be ineffective. Cain referred to schools that organise coffee mornings for hard-to-reach parents of children with reading difficulties. Research evidence thus helped schools to explore alternative initiatives, including giving parents books and teaching them how to teach their children to read at home.

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In this case, as in many others, research can help the school evaluate whether the action they are implementing actually helps it achieve the goals it has set for itself. Thus, while teachers have every right to be critical of research, they should not shy away from learning from it, for there is much to learn. Developing a culture of trust and enquiry is essential because, as Brown notes, one exposes oneself to the scrutiny of others when one is involved in research. That scrutiny should be marked by a spirit of mutual understanding and support, rather than judgmental. The teachers or school principals who open up their classrooms and schools to fellow teachers place themselves in a position of vulnerability.

This has to be acknowledged and the person being observed has to be respected, with the session viewed as an opportunity for mutual improvement. A good example of collaborative learning from research, where trust is a paramount quality, involves teachers jointly planning three lessons, for instance, with each taking turns to teach while the others observe the learning process — possibly also using video recording in order to focus on particular segments of the lesson for the purpose of analysis.

This type of classroom research has been very productive, showing, for instance, the importance of focus in planning and observation. However, such research is impossible if trust does not prevail between teachers, and between teachers and external researchers who might be invited to participate. Research in schools, with teachers and between teachers, requires strong leadership, because, as Cain took pains to point out, leaders showcase the culture they want to have in their schools. The process of opening oneself up to observation and reflection requires the courage of somebody to go first, to set the ball rolling and to set the tone.

However, for school-based research to take place, the collaboration and example of the principal are not enough. Good school leadership requires capable people at the top, as well as people able to connect with others across the whole staff spectrum. The presence of exemplary principals and supportive brokers facilitates the kinds of research partnerships that the seminar promoted. The commitment to research needs to be motivated by goals to which the whole school is committed. Such goals are often related to improving learning achievement, but can also be related to aspirations that are social or political in nature.

Brown, for instance, described a school for autistic children where the goals dove-tailed with the overall policy of inclusion adopted at higher political levels. When goals such as these, whether educational or social, are clearly articulated and linked to broader political aspirations as expressed in policy documents, for instance, then the drive for evaluative research becomes more meaningful. It is a known fact that countries often have more capacity to produce research than to use it effectively.

The nurse training in research in the undergraduate education: teaching perceptions

In her presentation, Ion in fact noted that research evidence often fails to travel from the institution that produces it to the sites of policy making and to classrooms. One of the reasons for this is that researchers hardly ever work with policy makers. However, bridging that gap is easier said that done: issues of trust arise again, with policy makers often not taking researchers seriously, arguing that different researchers come up with different and incompatible results, and that research results are often inconclusive, unclear, difficult to decipher, and fail the test of timeliness.

Researchers, on their part, often complain that politicians only use their work when it suits them, i. A framework was used, referred to as the Trifecta of….

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The literature includes several studies that define different critical success factors CSF which have to be considered to support the implementation of…. Please share your general feedback. You can start or join in a discussion here. Visit emeraldpublishing. Issue 1 Social and emotional learning education, and life success. Issue 2 Issue 2 Learning analytics in primary, secondary and higher education. Issue 1 Student performance is linked to connecting effectively with teachers Michael Gilbert The purpose of this paper is to examine student performance on both criterion- and norm-referenced measures, linked with teacher and student communication orientations.