- Cover Letter Headings // Purdue Writing Lab
- What do I include in my cover letter heading?
However, it is important to include, who you are and why you are writing. It can also state how you learned about the position and why you are interested in it. Many people hear of job openings from contacts associated with the company. If you wish to include a person's name in your cover letter, make certain that your reader has a positive relationship with the person. In some instances, you may have previously met the reader of your cover letter. In these instances it is acceptable to use your introduction to remind your reader of who you are and briefly discuss a specific topic of your previous conversation s.
Most important is to briefly overview why your values and goals align with the organization's and how you will help them. You should also touch on how you match the position requirements. By reviewing how you align with the organization and how your skills match what they're looking for, you can forecast the contents of your cover letter before you move into your argument. Your argument is an important part of your cover letter, because it allows you to persuade your reader why you are a good fit for the company and the job.
Carefully choose what to include in your argument. You want your argument to be as powerful as possible, but it shouldn't cloud your main points by including excessive or irrelevant details about your past. In addition, use your resume and refer to it as the source of "data" you will use and expand on in your cover letter. Reminder : When writing your argument, it is essential for you to learn as much as possible about the company and the job see the Cover Letter Workshop - Introduction resource.
Your closing restates your main points and reveals what you plan to do after your readers have received your resume and cover letter. We recommend you do the following in your closing:. I believe my coursework and work experience in electrical engineering will help your Baltimore division attain its goals, and I look forward to meeting with you to discuss the job position further. I will contact you before June 5th to discuss my application. If you wish to contact me, I may be reached at , or by e-mail at jwillis3 e-mail-link.
Thank you for your time and consideration. Although this closing may seem bold, potential employers will read your documents with more interest if they know you will be calling them in the future. Also, many employment authorities prefer candidates who are willing to take the initiative to follow-up. Please keep in mind that the file size, as a print-quality resource dpi , is large, so it may take a while to download.
You may adjust the print size of the poster from your print menu. As is, the poster is 27 x 36 inches. Because the poster is quite large, standard printers cannot print the poster. If you do not have access to a printer that can print large documents, contact a local print shop to print the poster. The Purdue OWL cannot grant requests to print and mail posters.
This resource presents the changes made between the fifth and sixth editions. Please note that the first printing of the APA sixth edition contained misprints; if you are using the APA manual, make sure you are using at least the second printing of the sixth edition. Traditionally, psychologists were the main users of APA, but recently, students and writers in other fields began using APA style.
Therefore, the sixth edition was written with a broader audience in mind. The changes made to the sixth edition reflect this broader audience. Headings are used to help guide the reader through a document. The levels are organized by levels of subordination, and each section of the paper should start with the highest level of heading. For example, in a scientific report following APA style, a report contains three sections: Method, Results, and Discussion.
Each of these sections start with level 1 headings:. Refer to participants at the appropriate level of specificity. The manual provides the example of using women and men to refer to all human beings instead of only using man. Man is appropriate to use when referring to one man but not when referring to a population that includes men and women.
Refer to participants how they wish to be called. Try to avoid labels if possible, but if this is not avoidable, be respectful. Focus on the people and not the label. Spacing 4. Regarding punctuation in manuscript drafts, APA suggests using two spaces after periods ending sentences to aid readability.
This research project explores how to discuss palliative care with patients. Approximations 4. Use words to express approximations of days, months, and year. Reporting statistics 4. Use a zero before the decimal point with numbers less than one when the statistic can be greater than one. Include effect sizes and confidence intervals with statistics. This will allow the reader to more fully understand the conducted analyses. Use brackets to group together confidence interval limits in both the body text and tables 5. The sixth edition includes a section 5.
This section can help you decide when and how to display your data. For example, your data might show that you are exploring data and information, or your data may serve a storage purpose for later retrieval. Figures include graphs, charts, maps, drawings, and photographs. As a general rule, only include figures when they add to the value of the paper. If the figure merely repeats what is written in the paper, do not include it, as it does not add any new information to the paper.
The sixth edition also emphasizes the importance of clearly labeling electrophysiological, radiological, and genetic data. If the quotation is less than 40 words, incorporate the quotation into the text and place quotation marks round the quotation. Cite the source immediately after the quotation and continue with the sentence. If the quotation has more than 40 words, use a block quotation. Begin the quotation on a new line and indent a half-inch from the left margin.
Double-space the entire quotation, and at the end of the quotation, provide citation information after the final punctuation mark. John Nicholson anticipated this effect when discussion farming methods in the nineteenth century:. Electronic sources 6. Because electronic publishing has become a standard in research, the sixth edition provides an overview of electronic sources and how to reference them, specifically with URLs and DOIs.
URLs, more commonly known as a web address, locate information housed on the Internet. While citing from a webpage, you may not be able to find a page number to refer to, i. Contributors: Joshua M. To do this, please follow these steps:. Type in the text you would like for the first page. Then type the shortened title inside the header as you wish it to appear throughout your document. Springfield, MA: Merriam-Webster.
The APA manual models several different templates for references, but the forms given may not apply to all documents. In this case, the APA manual states that you should format the entry as best you can in accordance with their models:. In such a case choose the example that is most like your source and follow that format…When in doubt, provide more information rather than less. For example, if your website has no author, you can use the following example as a template for the citation for your reference page:.
All 33 Chile miners freed in flawless rescue. The College of William and Mary. College mission statement. For names with suffixes e. However, if the clip art is presented in a separate medium like a handout , and you want to be very thorough about citation or if your presentation is specifically about clip art and the point is to discuss clip art from different sources, then you should cite the source. Here is the format you should follow:.
For the clip art from on-line sources, because these are texts that are relocated from an outside source, you should probably cite them regardless of the situation. Name of image creator, A. Year images was made. Title of image in italics [medium of image — i. Blackwell, E. A five dimensional measure of drinking motives. Ting, J.
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Mental health help-seeking in ethnic minority populations: A theoretical perspective. Rightsholder, A. Title of program Version number [Description of form]. Location: Name of producer.
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Your second choice is to refer to the lecture as personal communication. Please note: personal communication is only cited in-text and not within your References list. In italics write the name or title of the lecture. Berliner, A. Lecture on Reminiscences of Wundt and Leipsig.
Personal Collection of A. Wyeth, A. Since a survey you conducted yourself is not published elsewhere by someone else, you do not cite it in the same way you cite other materials. In your paper, you should include a short overview of your survey method: whom the survey was administered to, how it was administered, how many responses you got, and what kind of questions you asked.
Cover Letter Headings // Purdue Writing Lab
You should include a copy of the survey instrument the full set of questions asked as an appendix to your paper. You do not need to include your survey in your works cited list. You can access a version of The Bluebook by clicking here. The following sample reference to a statute in a state code and its explanation can be found on page The general format for this reference is as follows:. Year, Month Day. Title of material. Name of Collection Call number, Box number, File name or number, etc.
Name of Repository, Location. While the APA publication manual lists many different references, product instructions are not something that has a specific reference example. Since there is not a specific reference guideline for instructions, I would adapt another similar reference for your uses. Title of the Instructions Year. Name of the product. Company Name, City, State. Current Location of the Product. The APA does not seem to specifically address this issue, probably because it is very particular. If you refer to the title of a source within your paper, capitalize all words that are four letters long or greater within the title of a source: Permanence and Change.
Long quotations Place direct quotations that are 40 words, or longer, in a free-standing block of typewritten lines, and omit quotation marks. Kernis et al. Harris et al. According to the American Psychological Association ,… If the organization has a well-known abbreviation, include the abbreviation in brackets the first time the source is cited and then use only the abbreviation in later citations. Johnson, ; L. Citing Indirect Sources If you use a source that was cited in another source, name the original source in your signal phrase.
Johnson argued that… as cited in Smith, , p. Electronic Sources If possible, cite an electronic document the same as any other document by using the author-date style. Sources Without Page Numbers When an electronic source lacks page numbers, you should try to include information that will help readers find the passage being cited.
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According to Smith , … Mind over Matter section, para. Footnotes and Endnotes APA does not recommend the use of footnotes and endnotes because they are often expensive for publishers to reproduce. Content Notes Content Notes provide supplemental information to your readers. Content Notes can also point readers to information that is available in more detail elsewhere. Reference List: Basic Rules Your reference list should appear at the end of your paper. Basic Rules All lines after the first line of each entry in your reference list should be indented one-half inch from the left margin.
This is called hanging indentation. Reference list entries should be alphabetized by the last name of the first author of each work. For multiple articles by the same author, or authors listed in the same order, list the entries in chronological order, from earliest to most recent. Present the journal title in full. Maintain the punctuation and capitalization that is used by the journal in its title.
Capitalize all major words in journal titles. When referring to books, chapters, articles, or Web pages, capitalize only the first letter of the first word of a title and subtitle, the first word after a colon or a dash in the title, and proper nouns. Do not capitalize the first letter of the second word in a hyphenated compound word. Italicize titles of longer works such as books and journals. Do not italicize, underline, or put quotes around the titles of shorter works such as journal articles or essays in edited collections.
Therefore, if you have a source that APA does not include, APA suggests that you find the example that is most similar to your source and use that format. Single Author Last name first, followed by author initials.
What do I include in my cover letter heading?
Berndt, T. Friendship quality and social development. Current Directions in Psychological Science, 11 , Wegener, D. Mood management across affective states: The hedonic contingency hypothesis. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 66 , Kernis, M. Journal of Personality and Social Psychology, 65 , Miller, F. Rubin, L. Web site usability for the blind and low-vision user. Technical Communication, 57 , Educational Psychologist, 34 , Child Development, 66 , Flexible corrections of juror judgments: Implications for jury instructions. Psychology, Public Policy, and Law, 6 , Effects of mood on high elaboration attitude change: The mediating role of likelihood judgments.
European Journal of Social Psychology, 24 , Age changes and changes over time in prosocial intentions and behavior between friends. Developmental Psychology, 17 , Effects of friendship on prosocial intentions and behavior. Child Development, 52 , Funk, R. Ludlow Ed.
Needham, MA: Allyn and Bacon. Title of Periodical, volume number issue number , pages. Harlow, H.
Fundamentals for preparing psychology journal articles. Journal of Comparative and Physiological Psychology, 55 , Scruton, R. The eclipse of listening. The New Criterion, 15 3 , Henry, W. Time, , Schultz, S. Calls made to strengthen state energy policies. The Country Today , pp. Moller, G. Ripples versus rumbles [Letter to the editor]. Scientific American, 2 , Baumeister, R. Contemporary Psychology, 38 , Year of publication.
Title of work: Capital letter also for subtitle. Location: Publisher. Calfee, R. APA guide to preparing manuscripts for journal publication. Duncan, G. Consequences of growing up poor. Plath, S. The unabridged journals. Kukil Ed. New York, NY: Anchor. Laplace, P. A philosophical essay on probabilities. Emory, Trans. New York, NY: Dover. Original work published Helfer, M. The battered child 5th ed. Title of chapter. Editor Eds.
Wainrib Ed. New York, NY: Springer. Wiener, P. Bergmann, P. Chicago, IL: Encyclopedia Britannica. Coltheart, M. Models of reading aloud: Dual-route and parallel-distributed-processing approaches. Psychological Review, , This page guides you through adapting your experiences to the content in your cover letter and its different sections. The heading provides your contact information, the date you are writing, and the address of the company to which you are applying.
Then, you will skip a line and write the full date month, day, year. Follow this by skipping a space and writing the contact information for the person to whom you are writing:. Craig M.