Philosophy essays on god

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  2. Christian Philosophy of Education (Philosophy Essay Sample)
  3. Moral Arguments for the Existence of God
  4. 2) Something must have caused the Universe to exist

Was God the creature that created the earth and all the beings that live on it?

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In this paper I will go in and show why Rene Descartes and a few others are wrong in saying that God exists and was the creator of all we know. Rene Descartes was a French philosopher who is highly known as the father of the modern age philosophy.

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  • The Existence Of God : An Argument.

He took on this title mainly because of the questioning and challenging of the "normal" way of thinking for the time period he was brought up in. Descartes was known for a wide range of things, but I am only focusing on his work of the Meditations on First Philosophy. In the Meditations, Descartes is seeking to find a system of stable, lasting and certain knowledge, which he can ultimately claim as the truth.

He runs into a so called "fork in the road". How can he connect the knowledge of self with the rest of the world? This is where Descartes comes up with the third meditation Bergdorf Goodman, Web.

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There are a few concepts that need to be known about the Third Meditation. Concept number one deals with the different kinds of reality. Finally, the last concept Descartes explains is the premise that of the causal adequacy principle. So Descartes really has no proof that God exists, he is only going off what he thinks while he is going through his meditations. There is no backing of his word or proof that there is any existence of God. He is merely just going off of what he simply thinks while he is going through the meditations. In his meditations Descartes explains that God is a perfect being who is an all knowing being that has created everything and everyone.

He also goes on saying that he himself is not perfect therefore he cannot be God and cannot think of one. Chapter 2 provides an overview of what Darwin and Asa Gray thought about evolution and religion, and it is argued briefly that Darwinism in biology does not exclude a teleological view of the world.

Christian Philosophy of Education (Philosophy Essay Sample)

For example, the mechanism of natural selection may have been chosen by God because the overproduction of living beings that makes natural selection inevitable is "an expression of the principle of plenitude" p. He argues that Leibniz's version of determinism copes better with traditional problems than other versions because, for instance, Leibniz rejects body-mind interactionism Chapter 4. Finally, Part I contains an extensive dialogue between Philonous, Encephalus, Theophilus, and Hylas on the mind-body problem Chapter 5.

Chapter 7 offers a selective overview of the history of Biblical hermeneutics from Augustine to Gadamer. Unfortunately, important figures such as Herder or Schleiermacher are lacking, although the latter is mentioned several times in other chapters. He provides a rationalistic interpretation of Anselm's Cur Deus homo Chapter 9, co-authored with Bernd Goebel ; and studies both the form and the content of four interreligious dialogues written by Abelard, Ramon Llull, Nicholas of Cusa, and Jean Bodin, respectively Chapter In Chapter 11, he discusses Cusanus' philosophy of mathematics in relation to religion, since according to Cusanus, " infinite figures should form the basis of philosophical theology" p.

Chapter 12 contains a devastating dialectical criticism of Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling , since "Kierkegaard's concept of faith is not only philosophically absurd, but historically absurd as well" p. The reason is that "Only the experience of the utter contradiction of a purely secular religion can lead to a deeper relation to God" p. These essays were originally written for diverse audiences. Josef Homeyer All the essays are eminently readable, and the notes contain the original texts of the many quotes translated by the author himself, at least to the extent that these originals were in French, German, or Latin.

Although quotes from the original Greek texts are also lacking, the polyglottal erudition of the author is impressive, a phenomenon that is perhaps more common in Europe than in the U.

  • 1) The very notion of an all-perfect being means God has to exist.
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Five of the essays were originally written in German, and one in Norwegian p. Another striking feature of the volume is the amalgamation of systematic and historical interests. For example, the overview of the history of biblical hermeneutics in Chapter 7 aims at showing that the rise of critical historical Bible scholarship was "intellectually necessary". But this is not what your philosophy teacher is looking for. He or she wants an objection to your argument; a reason to think one of your premises is false. It makes thinking of objection targets way easier.

For my argument, really the only possible premise that one could object to is 2, or equivalently, 6. It is really important that you come up with a relatively solid objection, because this is what philosophical thinking is all about. I consider the following objection to premise 2. Premise 2 interprets set membership as a kind of physical location, in order to translate omnipresence into set theoretic terms.

However, belonging to a set in set theory is not about physical location. Set theory is an abstract way of grouping things together based on relevant properties, not a physical way of grouping objects together.

Moral Arguments for the Existence of God

The objects in a set need not be physical at all, nor do they need to be physically inside a set. So, the objection goes, premise 2 is false because set membership is not about being physically located inside a set. The objection is correct that set membership is not about being physically located inside a set.

However, I am not convinced that omnipresence is about being physically located somewhere, either. The notion that God is omnipresent usually refers to some more metaphysical plane of existence, beyond the merely physical. In my view, it is reasonable to consider the existence of sets as likewise being on some higher, more abstract plane.

2) Something must have caused the Universe to exist

Thus, arguing that set membership is not physical does not falsify premise 2. If God exists everywhere, including the non-physical domains, then presumably he exists everywhere in whichever domain sets exist in. So, his omnipresence puts him inside sets according to whatever metaphysical rules govern location in that domain. Thus, premise 2 is still true. I just poked a tiny hole in the objection, and provided a reason to think premise 2 is still true.

Anselm & the Argument for God: Crash Course Philosophy #9

Time elapsed: 1 hour. In this paper, I argued that an omnipresent being cannot exist. I did this by introducing a set theoretic interpretation to omnipresence, and showing that omnipresence leads to a contradiction. It is just a tiny little wrap up, introducing nothing new.

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The paper I wrote above, in a little over an hour, is a little over words.